Respiratory Distress in the Pediatric Patient: Anatomy, Physiology, and Breath Sounds

Respiratory Distress in the Pediatric Patient: Anatomy, Physiology, and Breath Sounds

Series Overview: Respiratory pathologies are one of the major problems affecting the health and well being of children. These issues can be due to infection, allergy, trauma, or congenital anomalies. Whatever the cause, if distress is not promptly identified and treated, respiratory failure and even cardiopulmonary arrest can follow. Nurses and other healthcare providers need to understand anatomic and physiologic factors unique to pediatric patients that put them at risk for developing respiratory distress, signs of distress, and potential nursing interventions. 

Video Overview: The immature respiratory system is very different from that of an adult. Respiratory pathologies are one of the major problems affecting the health and well being of children. These issues can be due to infection, allergy, trauma, or congenital anomalies. Whatever the cause, if distress is not promptly identified and treated, respiratory failure and even cardiopulmonary arrest can follow. 

Objectives: After completing this course, the learner should be able to: 

  • Describe the differences between an immature respiratory system and an adult's 
  • Identify normal pediatric breath sounds 
  • Identify adventitious pediatric breath sounds and their possible causes
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